Dental Stains

What are Dental Stains:

The discoloration of your teeth is from one of the following:

  1. Pigmented deposits found on the tooth surface from topical or external agents is called Extrinsic staining.
  2. Intrinsic staining  are stains incorporated within the tooth structure.

Causes of Stains on Teeth:

Extrinsic staining Intrinsic staining 
  • Plaque
  • Calculus
  • Foods and beverages
  • Tobacco
  • Certain types of bacteria and topical medications
  • Enamel defects
  • Salivary dysfunction
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Small grooves, pits or fissures in the tooth surface.
  • Dental restorations (i.e. corroded amalgam fillings)
  • Dental decay
  • Trauma to a tooth
  • Necrotic or infected nerve
  • Infections
  • Medications (i.e. Tetracycline)
  • Genetic defects
  • Hereditary diseases such as hypocalcification or fluorosis that affect dentin and enamel development

 

Treatment Options for Teeth Stains:

Extrinsic staining Intrinsic staining 
In-office In-office
  • Keep up on your regular visits to help keep stains to a minimum.
  • Professional whitening – We offer in-office, at-home and over-the-counter options to meet your needs.
This type of stain requires permanent restoration. The type varies according to your specific needs. When in conjunction with in-office whitening, desired results MAY be achieved. This depends on the depth of the stain.
At-Home At-Home
  • Watch what you eat! Keep track of how much stain occurs from different foods/beverages and reduce consumption accordingly. Remember that anything that can stain a white shirt can stain your teeth!
  • Rinse with water after consuming dark, sugary and acidic foods
  • Don’t smoke!
  • Consider getting a professional cleaning more often.
  • Brush at least 2 times a day- especially after consumption of staining agent.
Extrinsic Staining only.