Gum Disease

There are different types of gum disease:

  • Gingivits
  • Gum Recession
  • Active Periodontitis
  • Stable Periodontitis

What makes gum tissue healthy?

Pink, firm, stippled gum tissue completely filling spaces between the teeth. It has probing depths generally no more than 3mm and is without bleeding or pain.


Healthy tissues should not be red, puffy, sensitive, or bleed.

How can you keep your gums healthy and prevent gingivitis?

  • Brush twice a day for 2 minutes with fluoride toothpaste that contains an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory ingredient. A power toothbrush may make brushing easier and more efficient.
  • Floss daily. 
  • Rinse with an antiplaque, anti-gingivitis mouthwash that contains either cetylpyridinium chloride or essential oils. Listerine and Colgate Advance Proshield are popular brands of antiseptic rinses.
  • Visit your dentist or dental hygienist every 6 months. This will help to clear unwanted bacteria and keep the tissue in its current healthy state.